Bishū Osafune Sukenao - Bushū Edo jū Egawa Toshihide



Mei (signed): Bishū Osafune Sukenao kore o kitaeru (備州長船祐直鍛之)

Bushū Edo-jū Egawa Toshihide + kaō (武州江戸住江川利秀「花押」)

Size: 8,4 cm x 8,6 cm

Thickness at rim: 0,3 cm

Weight: 194 gr

Period: Late Edo

With N.B.T.H.K. Hozon Certification

With hako-gaki written by Hon’ami Nisshū in April, 1991, year of the sheep.

In kiri box

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Here we have a very particular and rare Tsuba made by a Swordsmith and a Tsuba-shi together.

The base was forged by Sukenao from Osafune of Bizen province.

All the decorations and carvings by Egawa Toshihide, resident of Edo of Musashi province, both Arstist were active during the Late Edo period.

The Tsuba has a lobed hollyhock shape, made of iron, polished finish, relief partially raised due to large areas of the plate carved out, gold inlay, rim left raised due to ground plate carvings.

Bushū Edo Jū Egawa Toshihide

Surname: Iizuka 飯塚
Name: Seijirō清次郎
Born in Mito, at Hitachi province.
Date:  around 1869
He was a student of Egawa Toshimasa and brother of Egawa Toshihide利英 (real name, Iizuka Gizō 飯塚儀蔵).
He worked with shakudō nanako style of Egawa school.

Consideration the active period of the tsuba maker Toshihide, i.e. Haynes says 1825-1850.


Bishū Osafune Sukenao

There were two generations Sukenao but taking into consideration the active period of the tsuba maker Toshihide, i.e. Haynes says 1825-1850, we are  positive that we are talking about the first generation Sukenao.


SUKENAO (祐直), 1st gen., Bunka (文化, 1804-1818), Bizen – “Shūsuishi Sukenao” (秋水子祐直), “Bizen no Kuni Osafune-jū Yokoyama Sukenao saku” (備前国長船住横山祐直作), “Bizen no Kuni Osafune-jū Fujiwara Sukenao saku” (備前国長船住藤原祐直作), “Bizen no Kuni-jū Yokoyama Gengorō Sukenao” (備前国住横山源五郎祐直), “Yokoyama Shūsuishi Sukenao” (横山秋水子祐直), real name Yokoyama Gengorō (横山源五郎), gō Shūsuishi (秋水子), he was the younger brother of Sukehira (祐平), we know blades from the Bunka to the Kōka era (弘化, 1844-1848), he died on the sixth day of the tenth month Kaei one (嘉永, 1848) at the age of 80, itamegunome with much chōjisuguha-hotsurechūjō-saku 


SUKEHIRA (祐平), Bunka (文化, 1804-1818), Bizen – “Yokoyama Ise no Kami Sukehira” (横山伊勢守祐平), “Yokoyama Ise no Kami Sukehira kore o tsukuru” (横山伊勢守祐平造之), “Biyō Osafune-jū Sukehira saku” (備陽長船住祐平作), “Biyō Osafune-jū Sukehira kore o tsukuru” (備陽長船住祐平造之), “Bizen no Kuni Osafune-jū Sukesada” (備前国長船住祐定), “Bizen no Kuni Osafune-jū Yokoyama Kakuji Fujiwara Sukesada” (備前国長船住横山覚治藤原祐定), real name Yokoyama Kakuji (横山覚治), he adopted later the hereditary first name Shichirō´emon (横山七郎右衛門) and was the son of the 4th gen. Shichirō´emon Sukesada and the nephew of Gengorō Sukesada who had succeeded as 5th gen. and who had adopted him to become his successor as 6th gen. of the lineage, he too signed with the name Sukesada (祐定), he had changed his name from Sukesada to Sukehira in Tenmei four (天明, 1784) when he started to study under the Satsuma-smith Yamato no Kami Motohira (大和守元平), it was uncommon for a Bizen-smith like Sukehira to work in the Sōshū tradition, many of his blades are very nie-laden and remind of his master Motohira, he received the honorary title Ise no Kami in the second year of Kansei (寛政, 1790) and died on the 25th day of the eighth month Bunsei twelve (文政, 1829) at the age of 75, he is considered as founder of the shinshintō-era Bizen-Yokoyama group, chūjō-saku