Haniwa figure with Jar

Height: 57,20 cm

(including the stand: 64,30 cm)

Period: Kofun (3rd-7th century)

With a black-laquered stand

With a thermoluminescence test by the Research Laboratory for Archaeology at Oxford University.

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A rare Haniwa figure with a Jar of Kofun period (3rd-7th century), circa 500-600, excavated in Ibaraki Prefecture. Hand-built and paddled reddish earthenware hollow figure of typical form, rising from a circular base, skirt and lower body with vertical striations, a belt around the waist, circular openings in the sides below the arms, face represented by three openings for the eyes and mouth, nose and forehead simply modelled, bearing a truncated jar on its head, reverse of the head with the remains of a hair knot.

As noted by Professor Fumio Miki, formerly Chief of Primitive Art, Department of Archaeology, Tokyo National Museum, relatively few haniwa figures with jars on their heads have been excavated. Although this item gives no indication as to gender, it may be assumed to represent a woman on the basis of its resemblance to other identifiably female figures excavated in the Kanto Region and datable to the final phase of the Kofun period. For an illustration of a similar example, see Miki Fumio, Haniwa, Nihon no bijutsu, 19, Tokyo, Shibundo, November 1967, pl.7 and p.51, excavated in Takado, Ibaraki Prefecture, in the collection of the Department of Anthropology, Tokyo University of Fine Arts and Music. The same example, along with another from the Niwatorizuka tomb in Tochigi Prefecture with a child on its back as well as a jar on its head, is reproduced in Nagamine Koichi and Mizuno Masayoshi, Nihon genshi bijutsu taikei (Compendium of Japanese Primitive Art), vol.3, Dogu haniwa (Pottery Figures and Haniwa), Tokyo, Kodansha, 1978, nos.181, 182.

The result of a thermoluminescence test by the Research Laboratory for Archaeology at Oxford University (sample no. 281d90, dated 15 February 1977) is consistent with the dating of this item.